Chimpanzee Facts & Information
Uganda is left with only about 5,000 chimpanzees and these are conserved in the zoos, sanctuaries and a few remaining tropical rain forests.
Chimpanzees and other primates such as monkeys can be seen while on your safari to Uganda more easily than anywhere else in the world. They attract tourists.
Chimpanzees have large bodies with four limbs and share 98% of the human genes, making them our closest living relative on earth.
Chimpanzees give birth every 4-5 years and look after their infants for 10-12 years before they are old enough to live on their own.
These species live in a population that split up and join again later unlike gorillas who stay together .They have cultural differences and different life styles.
Chimpanzees can use gears such as rocks to break nuts, sticks to fish for termites and make sponges from leaves to soak up water for drinking from hole in trees.
Chimpanzees periodically organize hunts to catch monkeys or small antelopes.
It is illegal to keep, kill and capture a Chimpanzee in Uganda. The Uganda Wildlife Authority (UWA) can assist in the rescue of illegally held animals.
Threats to Chimpanzees in Uganda
Chimpanzees are an endangered species because they are rare and declining rapidly across Africa. International law protects chimpanzees because they are threatened by extinction. Activities of Human beings are the main cause of the decline in the population of Chimpanzees and these include:
-Chimpanzees are hunted for meat in some parts of Uganda. Most chimpanzees get killed each year for meat in Africa especially in Uganda.
-Chimpanzees are losing their home in Uganda. In the past 15 years, over 800 sq Kms of forest has been cut down where chimpanzees live mostly
-Chimpanzees are also hunted for petty trade. For every baby Chimpanzee caught in the wild, approximately 10 chimpanzees die in the process. This is especially in Congo.
-The endangered species is also killed or mutilated by wire traps set for antelopes in the forests. 25% of Chimpanzees studies in Uganda have injuries from these traps.
The Uganda government has set a side land to save the remaining chimpanzees mainly in zoos, Sanctuaries such as Ngamba Island sanctuary and safari parks.
It has also put up rules to govern the chimpanzee trekking activity so that their ecosystem is conserved.
These conservation areas have become famous safari destinations in Uganda, since many people come from all parts of the world to see these great apes which are our relatives.